The Most Popular Ayurvedic Herbs

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The Most Popular Ayurvedic Herbs

The Most Popular Ayurvedic Herbs

Medicinal herbs and plants are the fundamental foundation of Ayurvedic natural pharmacy. Most of the medicines, formulations and ayurvedic medicine are based on plants and herbs. Such drugs are safe, and their effects are not only effective but also milder. Ayurvedic medicine uses both the entire plant and its parts, such as leaves, flowers, seeds or roots, to isolate the “active component”. Sometimes the whole plant is used, which helps to reduce side effects that may occur when using individual components.ayurvedic herbs

We list the main medicinal plants that are used in Ayurvedic practice.

Ajamoda (odorous celery)

The composition of celery seeds includes essential oils, fatty oils and other substances. In Ayurvedic medicine it is used as an anesthetic, choleretic, lactogonous, carminative and peristalsis-enhancing medicine. A mixture of celery fatty and essential oils is part of a mixture of medicinal oils used for Ayurvedic or Marma massage for various skin diseases. Ayurveda recommends eating celery root for neoplasms. Ajamoda is an excellent tonic and multivitamin.

Amla (Emblika officinalis)

Amla is the richest natural source of vitamin C! It contains various forms of ascorbic acid combined with a tannic complex and gallic acid. The plant has antioxidant properties, an immunomodulatory effect, stimulates the synthesis of hemoglobin, which is why it is very popular in Ayurvedic medical practice. Amla perfectly cleanses the liver, blood and intestines, increases hemoglobin, regulates sugar and cholesterol levels, promotes hair and nail growth, strengthens bones and teeth.

Asafoetida (Ferula asafoetida)

Asafoetida (Hingu) is an aromatic natural resin resembling garlic to taste. It is used in small quantities when cooking vegetable dishes. The use of asafoetida helps to prevent flatulence (accumulation of gases) and facilitates the digestion of food. It is sold in the form of a fine powder, which is placed in hot ghee or vegetable oil for one to two seconds before you finish making masala. Preparations based on asafoetida are recommended for use with increased nervous irritability, problems with the gastrointestinal tract, and also as a cure for asthma.

Ativisha (Aconite variegated)

The taste of this plant is sweet and bitter at the same time. Virya is hot, vipak is sweet. The plant lowers all three doshas, ​​but carefully - it is poisonous! It stimulates digestion, increases the separation of breast milk, promotes the passage of gases, is a tonic. It is used to treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, heart, as well as nervous diseases.

Ashwagandha (Ashwagandha)

This is a great tonic, aphroditic, adaptogen and anti-stress agent. The name of the plant, translated from Sanskrit, means "Horse Power". The drug eliminates chronic fatigue and tissue acidosis, prevents premature menopause, strengthens nerves. Ashwagandha increases resistance to infections and improves digestion. The most important advantage is in its calming and at the same time tonic and anti-aging effect on the nervous system. Ayurveda uses the plant to restore the basic energies of the nervous system, and the effect of using this remedy persists for a long time. Recent studies have shown that the plant has anti-cancer activity and is effective in many oncological diseases.

Bala (Sida cordifolia)

Bala increases the tone of the central nervous system, enhances cardiac output, relieves bronchospasm, enhances the processes of anabolism, especially muscle and bone tissue. Translated from Sanskrit, this plant is called "Giving Force" and indeed, it normalizes the metabolism of heart muscle cells and coronary circulation, reduces myocardial excitability, preventing the occurrence of arrhythmias.

Bilva (Quince Hungarian)

Bilva contains specific glycoside marmelosin, has an arrhythmic and tonic effect, has anti-inflammatory and antipyretic effects.

Brahmi (Asian Cantella)

Brahmi has three tastes - bitter, sweet and spicy. A plant brewed in sesame oil helps a great deal against insomnia. Ayurvedic medicine uses Brahmi to treat diseases of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. This is a mild tonic, it is considered one of the best means of promoting meditation.

Bhumiamla (Phyllanthus amarus)

Bhumiamla has a choleretic and hepatoprotective effect, is used to prevent atherosclerosis and diabetes, is used in the treatment of skin diseases and thrombophlebitis. The taste of the plant is sour, it is very rich in vitamin C.

Gokshura (Tribulus terrestris)

This plant is rich in silicic acid salts, which prevent the formation of kidney stones. Gokshura enhances potency and prevents the development of chronic prostatitis and prostate adenoma. Its taste is sweet, virya is cold, vipak is sweet. Used for diabetes, asthma, kidney and bladder stones, heart disease, and infertility.

Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia)

This plant cleans the blood well of ama - toxins and toxins secreted by pathogenic microflora. It has a diuretic and diaphoretic effect, it is both a relaxing and diuretic drug. Its taste is bitter and sweet, virya is hot.

Dadima (Punica Granatum)

Dadima or the well-known pomegranate is an excellent astringent tonic. It improves metabolism and carries an anthelmintic, gastric and cooling effect.

Daruharidra (Berberis spp.)

This is barberry or wood turmeric, which have anti-febrile, laxative, antihelminthic and bactericidal effects. The plant uses a root, which is a bitter tonic that helps improve metabolism.

Dashamul (Dashamul)

This is the common name of 10 roots - Bilwa, Agnimatha, Sionaki, Kasmarya, Patala, Shaliparni, Prishniparni, Brihati, Kantakari and Gokshura. A mixture of these 10 roots normalizes the state of the neuroendocrine system, regulating the function of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland. Therefore, dashamul is used in Ayurvedic practice to treat serious hormonal diseases.

Jatamamsi (Nardostachys grandiflora)

This is a close relative of Valerian, also called the Indian Aralia. It is sweet, bitter and astringent, has a cooling effect and a sharp effect after digestion. Helps balance all three doshas. It has the same sedative properties as valerian, but it is an unsurpassed plant for clarifying consciousness and strengthening the mind. Jatamamsi goes well with Brahmi, the drug can also be taken with a little camphor or cinnamon.

Jatiphala (Nutmeg) The

fruits of a tropical nutmeg tree have three out of six flavors - spicy, bitter and astringent, the aftertaste is spicy. Nutmeg warms the body well and increases Pitta dosha. Nutmeg is a good aphrodisiac, it has a strong stimulating and tonic effect on the body, strengthens the nervous system. Ayurveda is used to treat impotence and sexual disorders. In small doses, nutmeg is a good sedative, relaxing and causing sleep. It is part of the immuno-strengthening fees. Quickly kindles Agni - digestive fire, normalizes the balance of Vata and Kapha doshas. Nutmeg strengthens memory and contributes to the normalization of brain activity, improves cerebral blood flow, cures heart disease, slightly strengthens.

Karpura (Cinnamomum camphora)

Camphor has analgesic, antiseptic and bronchodilating effects and helps restore the nervous system

Karkatashringi (Karkatashringi)

In Ayurveda, this plant is used as an expectorant, bronchodilator and anti-infective.

Casmaria (Gmelina Arborea)

Casmaria has a laxative, diuretic and lactogonous effect on the body. Perfectly eliminates intoxication with the bites of snakes and scorpions.

Kathphala (Myrica spp)

Myrtle is a powerful remedy for reducing kapha, it acts as a diaphoretic, astringent and antispasmodic. Myrtle dissipates cold, eliminates mucus, cleanses the lymph nodes, cleans the sinuses, improves the voice, opens the senses and mind, eliminates the accumulation of cotton in the head and enhances the flow of Prana. This is one of the best Ayurvedic plants for the treatment of diseases in the initial stage, as it has a sattwic nature that helps mobilize the body's defenses. In addition, myrtle is a sacred plant dedicated to Shiva and Shakti.

Kumkum (Safran)

Saffron is the stigma of the pistils of the Crocus sativus plant. In cooking, saffron is considered the “King of spices”, it is combined with all spices, gives a delicate aroma to pastry dishes and helps milk to be digested. Saffron is part of many anti-aging drugs and is used in Ayurvedic therapy for overexcitation, insomnia, fears, epilepsy, intoxication and nervous diseases. Saffron well calms and strengthens the nervous system, relieves cramps and cramps, treats hysteria, regulates menstruation, and normalizes heart rate. Facilitating the attacks of convulsive cough, it helps to discharge sputum with bronchitis and pneumonia. The plant has a light diuretic, choleretic and diaphoretic effect, with black pepper and ginger enhancing its medicinal properties. Saffron infusion washed purulent eyes,

Kushtha (Saussurea lappa)

The plant is rich in essential oils and saussurin, which cause relaxation of the smooth muscles of the bronchi, bladder and intestines. It has a tonic effect

Lavanga (Caryophyllus aromaticus)

Lavanga (Clove) is used for colds, asthma, indigestion, toothache, hiccups, laryngitis, pharyngitis, low blood pressure, impotence. The plant acts as a stimulant, expectorant, carminative, analgesic, and an excellent aphroditic. Clove is an effective stimulant for aromas in the lungs and stomach. Helps dissipate cold and disinfect the lymphatic system. It has a strong warming effect, but the energy effect can be somewhat annoying due to its rajasic nature. Thanks to essential oils it increases the digestibility of food. In lozenges, cloves are effective for colds and coughs.

Mudgaparni (Mudgaparni)

This plant, known as "three-bladed beans", has choleretic, sedative and antipyretic effects

Musta (Cyperus rotundus)

Musta is an Indian variety of earthen almonds that have a strong astringent effect and help improve digestion and gas removal. The plant has a toxic effect on many parasites, tones the nervous system, stimulates the digestive system, strengthens the stomach and has a diuretic effect. At the same time, it is one of the most important Ayurvedic plants for the treatment of female diseases.

Nagara (Nagara)

This is a dry ginger with a stimulating, diaphoretic, expectorant, carminative, antiemetic and analgesic effect. Dry ginger soot is hotter and drier than fresh. It is a more effective stimulant and expectorant to reduce Kapha and strengthen Agni. The use of ginger in the treatment of diseases of the digestive and respiratory systems, as well as arthritis and as a tonic for the heart, is widely known in Ayurveda.

Pippali (Piper longum)

These dried pods of “long pepper” have a sweet and pungent taste, virya is hot, and vipak is sweet. The drug suppresses putrefactive intestinal microflora, eliminates indigestion, constipation, flatulence, poor appetite, removes excess mucus from the body, normalizes the function of the stomach and spleen, and eliminates stagnation in the liver and respiratory system. Topically applied for skin diseases. Pippali is part of the Ayurvedic preparation Trikatu, along with dry ginger and black pepper. Trikatu is the most famous Ayurvedic stimulant that burns Amu and promotes the absorption of other medicines and food.

Prishniparna (Uraria picta)

This drug, due to its rich content of terpenoids and tannins, eliminates bleeding and strengthens the vascular endothelium. It also has expectorant and antipyretic effects.

Snooker (Euphorbia neriifolia)

This remedy from a plant of the family Euphorbia is used for colds, asthma and cough, for the treatment of spleen and liver, for skin diseases, including the removal of warts. 

Twack (Cinnamomum ceylanicum)

Twack (cinnamon) is an excellent tonic, diaphoretic and expectorant for colds and flu, especially suitable for weakened people. Like shunti (ginger), tvak is an almost universal medicine for normalizing blood circulation and improving metabolism. The drug strengthens the heart, warms the kidneys and the body as a whole, weakens toothache and pain associated with muscle tension.

Tagara - (Valeriana)

Indian Valerian is a natural sedative that perfectly strengthens nerves. It also has antispasmodic, sedative and carminative effects. Energy: bitter, spicy, sweet, astringent / warming / spicy. Tagara is one of the best plants for the treatment of nervous disorders of the nature of Vata. Cleanses the colon, blood, joints and nerves from Ama, frees the nerve channels from Vata accumulations. Due to the high content of the earth element in it, it acts "down to earth" and helps to eliminate dizziness, hysteria and fainting. The drug relieves muscle cramps, weakens spasmodic menstrual pain. It is very effective for stopping the fermentation processes in the gastrointestinal tract and has a special calming effect on the female reproductive system. However, her nature is tamasic, and excessive use of valerian dulls the mind. Large doses lead to excessive suppression of Vata and can therefore cause weakness, up to impotence.

Tila (Sesamum Indicum Linn)

Tila (sesame) is one of the most popular plants in Ayurvedic medicine. Tila is applied to the skin, taken orally and rectally, useful for the eyes, nose, and mouth in the form of powder, paste, oil, and in other forms.

Tulasi (Holy Basil)

Tulasi (Tulsi) or "holy basil" is one of the most important and revered plants in India. Tulasi is a symbol of devotion to the Lord who brought this plant to the material world from the spiritual. It is favorable in all respects and, according to legend, can fulfill all desires. It is very favorable to grow tulasi in your home - there will never be a problem there, and not a single evil spirit can approach this house. In Ayurveda, tulasi is known as a natural tonic, antioxidant, analgesic, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, has anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, expectorant, antibacterial, antifungal properties. This is a traditional Ayurvedic remedy for fever, bronchitis, cough, colds, malaria, treats rheumatism and arthritis, diabetes, relieves spasms, insect repellent.

Uma (Linum usitatissimum)

Uma or flaxseed is an excellent remedy for the colon and lungs, strengthens lung tissue and promotes the healing of mucous membranes. This is an excellent remedy for chronic degenerative processes in the lungs, has a laxative, softening, expectorant effect. Uma a good nutritious tonic. Outwardly, it is used externally as lotions for ulceration, inflammation of the skin, as it dilates the local blood vessels and relieves tension in the tissues.

Haridra (Curcuma longa)

Haridra (Turmeric root) is used both whole and in ground form. It is included in most Ayurvedic medicinal collections and remedies. Haridara is sharp and bitter in taste, dry, light, not oily; aftertaste - spicy, has a warming effect. It is used as an anthelmintic, suppresses putrefactive microflora in the intestine, cleansing it of excess mucus, normalizes the activity of the gastrointestinal tract, which contributes to weight loss. It also regulates the amount of cholesterol in the blood, promotes the outflow of bile, improves the pancreas. To normalize the balance, doshas are taken along with hot milk, cocoa butter and honey at night before bedtime. It is used externally to strengthen hair and to combat dandruff; in conjunction with sandalwood oil, or simply as a powder, for skin diseases; with sesame oil - for massage. All kinds of wounds and abrasions are covered with turmeric powder - from ordinary cuts to ulcers. A good regenerative agent, heals ulcers (both internal and cutaneous), treats burns, and is part of anti-aging creams and lotions. Turmeric is combined with all spices.

Haritaki (Mirobalan chebula)

“The king of all medicines” or “a plant that steals diseases,” is what Haritaki call in Ayurvedic and Tibetan medicine. The plant balances all the primary elements of the body and three doshas. Wherever a pathological focus occurs in the body, this remedy suppresses it, activating our defenses and reducing the pathological focus in the body. Haritaki improves brain function, strengthens memory, increases learning ability. It contains strong natural antioxidants, so it has vasoconstrictor and hemostatic effects

Chandana (Santalum album)

Chandana (sandalwood), purifies the blood, reduces fever, soothes the nervous system and vascular center of the medulla oblongata. A large number of essential oils and Santalol aldehyde allows the use of sandalwood for the treatment of inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary system, acute respiratory infections and conjunctivitis.

Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus)

Shatavari (asparagus) has a pronounced anti-aging effect on the female reproductive system, due to its high content of phytohormones. In Ayurveda, it is used to normalize the monthly cycle, to treat infertility, chronic inflammatory diseases of the genital area, fibroids of the uterus and mammary glands, promotes a favorable course of pregnancy and enhances milk production. The drug shatavari is very effective during menopause.

Shirisha (Albixxia lebbeck)

Shirishi has a strong detoxifying effect on the body, and also increases sexual energy, is useful for ophthalmia, cough, runny nose, skin diseases, diarrhea, neuralgia, epilepsy, all types of poisoning, and has an expectorant effect. The stem has antidiabetic properties. The drug is used as a remedy for bronchitis, chronic cough, leprosy, helminthic lesions, with bites of snakes and scorpions. Leaves prepared in the form of ointment and powder are effective for poultice ulcers.

Shunti (zinziber officinale)

Shunti (ginger) has a stimulating, diaphoretic, expectorant, carminative, antiemetic, analgesic, antifungal and anti-trichomonas action. It is indicated for colds, flu, indigestion, vomiting, belching, abdominal pain, laryngitis, arthritis, hemorrhoids, headaches, and heart diseases. Ginger reduces vata and kapha, but with prolonged use and large dosages it can excite pitta.

Yashti Madhu (Glycyrrhiza glabra)

Yashti Madhu (Licorice) is one of the first places in the "golden row" of Ayurvedic plants, as it affects all organs of the system. It acts as an antiulcer, laxative, choleretic, antispasmodic, expectorant. It is able to prevent the development of prostate adenoma, enhances urination. The high glycyram content causes immunomodulating, anti-inflammatory, adaptogenic effects. Ayurveda uses licorice root as a "key plant" in many phytoreceptions.