The lowering of temperatures and the wind during the winter can cause dryness and dehydration in the skin, so it is very important to maintain regular care of it in order to prevent this from happening and have as comfortable skin as possible.
The first thing to keep in mind, when it comes to taking care of the skin in times of cold is to protect it from the sun. “It is as important as doing it during the summer, since the effect of the sun on the skin produces cumulative damage and, therefore, although the intensity of the rays is greater in summer, you also have to protect yourself in winter,” “The saying that the skin has memory is completely true and therefore the more we protect ourselves, the more we will take care of it,” the expert emphasizes.
On the other hand, cold and wind can also dry the skin or even aggravate some diseases, such as eczema . “It is important to hydrate it correctly to minimize the loss of water from the skin and therefore not suffer.”
In the case of having a specific problem that worsens during the winter, it will be necessary to use a specific cream “prescribed by the dermatologist”.
In addition, care must be adapted to the skin characteristics of each area. “Obviously, we cannot use a hand cream, which is adapted to the thickest skin of that area, on lips or eyelids, which is a completely different and much thinner skin,” explains the dermatologist. Also recommends using a cream more hydrating generally for body and more specifically for the face , adapted to skin type (oily, dry , or mixed).
10 key tips :
Key tips to have perfect skin during the winter:
- Hydrate the skin daily and several times a day . This is especially important in those people who suffer from some type of dermatosis (atopic dermatitis, psoriasis …). A suitable emollient (based on lanolin, urea, etc.) will help maintain healthy skin during winter.
- Avoid washing your hands excessively . Wear dermatitis that affects the back of the hands is a frequent reason for consultation at this time of year, especially in people who repeatedly wash them for work reasons. To avoid this, the use of gloves and creams with a barrier effect should be promoted.
- Do not use aggressive products for face and body washing . Choose soft and dermatologically tested products.
- Avoid showering with very hot or very cold water . Ideally, warm water and not showering more than once a day, as this would increase skin dehydration.
- Hydrate lips and protect them from ultraviolet light . The lips suffer a lot in winter, even more so if there is some basic alteration (atopic, actinic cheilitis …).
- Do not forget the sunglasses and the daily sun protection also in winter , especially in areas where there is snow, since this reflects 80 percent of the solar radiation.
- Wear gloves and warm clothes . Especially those patients with sensitivity to cold and who usually suffer from perniosis (chilblains) or Raynaud’s phenomena (cold fingers and turn white, bluish and red)
- Flee from sudden temperature changes , as this increases the possibility of the appearance of dilated capillaries (telangiectasias or spider veins) on the face (especially cheeks).
- Take care of the food . Increase the consumption of vitamin C and antioxidants. Do not forget to drink between 1.5-2 liters of water a day.
- Avoid tobacco and alcohol , since they have a negative impact on the health of our skin, generating free radicals. In addition, alcohol worsens facial hair dilation.
How to choose the best cream
The expert also adds three key aspects to choose the best cream and to do facial treatments:
- The most recommended active ingredients for non-sensitive skin are: vitamin C, retinoic acid, glycolic acid and hydroxy acids (with important anti-aging function). However, there are intolerant skins that should use soothing, vasoconstrictor and decongestant substances, such as dexpanthenol, alphabisobolol, rusco, glycyrrhetic acid … In addition, they have to avoid products that contain alcohol, preservatives or perfumes. Therefore, individual dermatological assessment of each skin type is essential.
- The texture of the ideal cream will also depend on the type of skin and if there is a basic condition: In general, the fluid will be better for combination or oily skin and cream for mature and dry skin. There are novel masks and consultation treatments, such as mesotherapy with hyaluronic acid, which help deep hydration.
- Winter is the best time to perform intensive facial depigmenting treatments , both at home and in the medical office ( chemical peels or masks).